Why do so many people under 50 get cancer?

Cancer rates among adults under the age of 50 have increased in recent decades. Jim Bastardo/Getty Images. Researchers investigate the risk factors behind the increase in early cancer cases, which are cancers that occur before the age of 50. They found that lifestyle factors starting early in life and young adults are likely to influence early cancer risk.

They concluded that longitudinal studies are needed to confirm their results. Cancer occurs when genetic mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and can occur in any organ or tissue of the body. According to the World Health Organization, this condition is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Although cancer usually affects people over the age of 50, studies show that, since the 1990s, the incidence of certain cancers has increased among those under the age of 50 in many parts of the world.

Early cancers pose a higher risk of long-term health problems, including infertility, cardiovascular conditions and secondary cancers Trusted Source as well as side effects from cancer treatment. Understanding early cancer risk factors can help in its prevention, early detection and treatment. Recently, researchers conducted a review of various studies to determine possible early cancer risk factors.

They note that lifestyle factors early in life such as diet, obesity, and environmental exposures may contribute to early cancer risk. Dr. Andrew K. Dingwall, professor of cancer biology and pathology and laboratory medicine at Loyola University, who was not involved in the study, said: One benefit of this type of analysis is that it provides an opportunity to engage in more focused discussions aimed at confronting these health disparities, which may have the potential to provide long-term health benefits to affected communities.

The type of cancer studied For the review, researchers first analyzed global data from 2000 to 2012 on the incidence of 14 types of cancer that have increased in incidence among adults under the age of 50. This includes. The researchers then examined studies that investigated possible risk factors for cancer, in addition to literature describing the clinical and biological tumor characteristics of early and later cancers.

They acknowledge that the increased incidence of early cancer may be partly attributable to increased uptake of screening. However, they also write that other factors may also be responsible. Lifestyle factors and cancer risk After analyzing the literature, they found that growing evidence suggests Trusted Source that there may be a lapse of decades Trusted Source between early cellular damage and clinical cancer detection.

They further state that the increase in early cancers is linked to increasing lifestyle trends, including a more westernized diet, lifestyle and environment. They noted that such changes, which began in the middle of the 20th century, may have affected the incidence of early-onset cancers from the 1990s because the effects would have taken time to accumulate. Lifestyle factors that can increase the risk of cancer include:

The Trusted Western Diet, defined as high in saturated fat, red meat, processed meat, sugar and ultra-processed foods but low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fiber. Lower breastfeeding rates and increased use of formula milk. Increased alcohol consumption. Smoking habits, including personal habits and second-hand smoke or in utero exposure.

Why do so many people under 50 get cancer?

Lack of sleep among children due to bright light at night. Night shift work, as this increases the incidence of cancer risk factors such as obesity and diabetes Reproductive changes, including reduced age Trusted Source at menarche, reduced number of births, increased age at first and last birth and increased use of oral contraceptives Trusted Source Physical inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle.

Increased rates of Type 2 diabetes. The researchers further wrote that eight of the 14 cancers studied were related to the digestive system, indicating the importance of the oral and gut microbiome in cancer risk. In particular, they highlight diet, lifestyle factors and higher antibiotic use as factors that influence the microbiome and increase cancer risk.

About admin

Check Also

Could zero-calorie sweeteners increase your risk for cardiovascular disease?

Could zero-calorie sweeteners increase your risk for cardiovascular disease?

Zero-calorie artificial sweeteners may not be as dangerous as they seem. Carmen Martínez Torrón/Getty Images …