2 or 3 cups of coffee a day may help you live longer, especially ground coffee

Another study found that moderate coffee consumption, especially two to three cups a day, was associated with longer life and a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. — ART CHEN/The Star Good news, coffee lovers. Drinking two to three cups of joe a day may help you live longer and reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease, a new study suggests.

In the study, published Tuesday in the peer-reviewed European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, researchers found that light to moderate consumption of ground, instant and decaffeinated coffee were all associated with “significant reductions” in cardiovascular death and disease — including heart disease. coronary, heart failure and ischemic stroke. The research found that participants who drank two to three cups of coffee saw the greatest risk reduction compared to non-coffee drinkers.

For example, ground coffee in this amount reduces the risk of death by 27%, followed by 14% for decaffeinated and 11% for instant, says the European Society of Cardiology. Two to three cups of ground coffee per day reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease by 20%, followed by 9% for instant and 6% for decaffeinated, the ESC added. Caffeinated and decaffeinated? Ground and instant coffee, but not decaffeinated, has also been found to reduce the risk of irregular heartbeats called arrhythmia.

Four to five cups of ground coffee per day and two to three cups of arrhythmia immediately lowered by 17% and 12%, respectively. Our findings suggest that drinking all types of coffee in moderate quantities should not be encouraged but can be enjoyed as a heart-healthy behavior,” study author Peter Kistler, head of clinical electrophysiology research at the Baker Heart and Diabetes Research Institute in Melbourne, Australia, said in a release. ESC press.

Because the study found health benefits associated with both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, Kistler pointed to other coffee compounds as possible causes. Caffeine is the most well-known constituent in coffee, but the drink contains more than 100 biologically active components,” says Kistler. “It is possible that non-caffeine compounds are responsible for the positive relationship observed between coffee drinking, cardiovascular disease and survival.”

Although the health benefits of coffee have been discovered before, more research is needed Previous studies have suggested that coffee may provide a variety of health benefits — including some protection against liver disease, Type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and heart attacks, the Mayo Clinic and Johns Hopkins Medicine note.

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However, it is difficult for studies to credit these results to coffee alone. Many other factors contribute to a healthy life, experts say. For example, a 2021 analysis in the American Heart Association journal Circulation: Heart Failure found that people who drank more caffeinated coffee saw a lower risk of heart failure. While senior author Dr. David Kao, medical director at the University of Colorado School of Medicine’s Center for Personalized Medicine, emphasized the importance of these findings, noting that more research is needed.

There is not yet sufficient clear evidence to recommend increasing coffee consumption to reduce heart disease risk with the same strength and certainty as smoking cessation, weight loss or exercise,” Kao stated in an AHA release at the time. Research groups can also differ significantly. Tuesday’s European Journal of Preventive Cardiology study used UK Biobank data from nearly 450,000 participants, who did not have arrhythmias or other cardiovascular disease when the study began.

They are grouped into categories based on coffee consumption and the type of coffee (if any) they primarily drink. After an average of 12.5 years, the researchers followed up – examining deaths and medical records against participants’ coffee intake to determine the study’s findings. The researchers also adjusted for various other demographic and health factors, such as age, gender and smoking status. However, the authors note that there are some limitations and room for error in the research, such as participants drinking more than one type of coffee over time.

Keep coffee intake to a moderate amount, experts say While studies like these increasingly link coffee to health benefits, it’s important to note that there are some health consequences associated with coffee as well. Increased anxiety, restlessness and insomnia are among the potential risks associated with coffee.

Experts also caution against drinking too much coffee — stating that, if you do choose to drink coffee, light to moderate intake is the way to go. Coffee should be part of an overall balanced diet and healthy lifestyle. According to the AHA, federal guidelines say three to five daily 8-ounce cups of plain black coffee can be part of a healthy diet. – By Wyatte Grantham-Philips/ USA Today/Tribune News Service

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